PTET Syllabus for Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage

Child Development and Pedagogy: 30 Questions

a) Child Development (Elementary School Child): 15 Questions

  1. Principles of the development of children
  2. The concept of development and its relationship with learning
  3. Influence of Heredity & Environment
  4. Piaget, Kohlberg, and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
  5. Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  6. Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
  7. Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  8. Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
  9. Language & Thought
  10. Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of caste, gender, language, community, religion etc.
  11. Gender as a social construct, gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
  12. The distinction between Assessment of learning and Assessment for learning, School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: practice and perspective
  13. Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners for enhancing critical thinking and learning in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

b) The concept of  understanding and Inclusive education children with special needs: 05 Questions

  1. Addressing the Creative, Talented, Specially abled Learners
  2. Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
  3. Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc

c) Learning and Pedagogy: 10 Questions

  1. How children learn and think, how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in the school performance
  2. Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
  3. Basic processes of learning and teaching, learning as a social activity, children’s strategies of learning, the social context of learning.
  4. Alternative conceptions of understanding children’s ‘errors’, learning in children as significant steps in the learning process.
  5. Motivation and learning
  6. Cognition & Emotions
  7. Factors contributing to learning- personal & environmental

Language-I (Punjabi): 30 Questions


a) Language Comprehension: 15 Questions

Reading unseen passages- two (02) passages one (01) prose or drama and one (01) poem with questions on inference, comprehension, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be scientific, literary, narrative or discursive)

b) Pedagogy of Language Development: 15 Questions

  1. Principles of Language Teaching
  2. Learning and acquisition
  3. Language Skills
  4. Role of speaking and listening, the function of language and how children use it as a tool
  5. Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom, language errors, difficulties and disorders
  6. The critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas written and in verbal form,
  7. Evaluating language proficiency and comprehension: listening, speaking, reading and writing
  8. Remedial Teaching
  9. Teaching-learning materials: Multi-media materials, Textbook, the multilingual resource for the classroom.

III. Language- II (English): 30 Questions

a) Comprehension: 15 Questions

Two (02) unseen prose passages (literary or discursive or narrative or scientific) with questions on grammar, comprehension and verbal ability.

b) Pedagogy of Language Development: 15 Questions

  1. Principles of Language Teaching
  2. Learning and acquisition
  3. Role of the function of language, listening, and speaking and how children use it as a tool
  4. Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom, language errors, disorders and difficulties.
  5. Language Skills
  6. Remedial Teaching
  7. A critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas written and in a verbal form.
  8. Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: reading, speaking, listening and writing
  9. Teaching-learning materials (i.e. Multi-media materials, textbook, a multilingual resource) for the classroom.

(a) Mathematics and Science: 60 Questions

(i) Mathematics: 30 Questions

Content: 25 Questions

  1. Knowing our Numbers
  2. Number System
  3. Playing with Numbers
  4. Negative Numbers and Integers
  5. Whole Numbers
  6. Exponents, surds, squares, cube, square root, cube root
  7. Fractions
  8. Compound Interest
  9. Profit & Loss
  10. Discount
  11. Introduction to Algebra, Algebraic identities, polynomials
  12. Geometry
  13. Algebra
  14. Ratio and Proportion
  15. Basic geometrical ideas (2-D)
  16. Symmetry: (reflection)
  17. Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D)
  18. Constructions (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses)
  19. Mensuration, circle, sphere, cone, cylinder, triangles
  20. Quadrilateral
  21. Data handling, statistics

b) Pedagogical issues: 5 Questions

  1. Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking
  2. Language of Mathematics
  3. Community Mathematics
  4. Problems of Teaching
  5. Remedial Teaching
  6. Evaluation

(ii) Science: 30 Questions

a) Content: 25 Questions

  1. Sources of food
  2. Cleaning food
  3. Food
  4. Components of food
  5. Materials of daily use
  6. Materials
  7. Water
  8. Air
  9. Structure of Atom
  10. Change of matter
  11. Molecule
  12. Metals & Nonmetals
  13. Compounds
  14. Carbon
  15. Acids, base, salt
  16. Soil
  17. The World of the Microorganism, Living organisms, and diseases
  18. Food, production & management
  19. Effect of human activities & population growth on the environment
  20. The Universe
  21. Moving Things People and Ideas
  22. Force
  23. Work & Energy
  24. Motion
  25. Magnets & magnetism
  26. Electric current and circuits
  27. Sound
  28. Light
  29. Natural Phenomena
  30. Sources of energy
  31. Natural Resources
  32. Pollution
  33. Environmental concerns, regional & national

b) Pedagogical issues: 5 Questions

  1. Natural Science/Aims & objectives
  2. Nature & Structure of Sciences
  3. Approaches/Integrated Approach
  4. Understanding & Appreciating Science
  5. Innovation
  6. Observation/Experiment/Discovery(Method of Science)
  7. Text Material/Aids
  8. Remedial Teaching
  9. Problems
  10. Evaluation- cognitive/psychomotor/effective

Social Studies/ Social Sciences: 60 Questions

a) Content: 50 Questions

(i) History: 20 Questions

  1. The Earliest Societies
  2. When, Where and How
  3. The First Cities
  4. The First Farmers and Herders
  5. New Ideas
  6. The early States
  7. The First Empire
  8. Political Developments
  9. Contacts with Distant Lands
  10. Culture and Science
  11. Sultans of Delhi
  12. New Kings and Kingdoms
  13. Architecture
  14. Social Change
  15. Creation of an Empire
  16. Regional Cultures
  17. Rural Life and Society
  18. The Establishment of Company Power
  19. Colonialism and Tribal Societies
  20. Women and reform
  21. The Revolt of 1857-58
  22. Challenging the Caste System
  23. India After Independence
  24. The Nationalist Movement

(ii) Geography: 15 Questions

  1. Globe
  2. Geography as a social study and as a science
  3. Planet: Earth in the solar system
  4. Human Environment: settlement, transport, and communication.
  5. Environment in its totality: natural and human environment.
  6. Air
  7. Water
  8. Agriculture
  9. Resources: Types- Natural and Human


(iii) Social and Political Life (Civics): 15 Questions

  1. Government
  2. Making a Living
  3. Diversity
  4. Democracy
  5. State Government
  6. Local Government
  7. Unpacking Gender
  8. Understanding Media
  9. Parliamentary Government
  10. Social Justice and the Marginalised
  11. The Constitution
  12. The Judiciary

c) Pedagogical issues: 10 Questions

  1. Concept & Nature of Social Studies/ Social Science
  2. Class Room activities, processes, and discourse
  3. Enquiry/Empirical Evidence
  4. Developing Critical thinking
  5. Problems of teaching Social Studies/ Social Science
  6. Projects Work
  7. Evaluation
  8. Sources – Primary & secondary

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