The Guwahati High Court was promulgated by governor general of India on 1 March 1948 after the Government of India Act 1935 was passed. Establishing the High Court of Assam with effect from 5 April 1948, for the then Province of Assam. It was originally known as the High Court of Assam and Nagaland, but renamed as Gauhati High Court in 1971 by the North East Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
After Indian independence, the Assam Legislative Assembly adopted a resolution on 9 September 1947 that a High Court be established for the Province of Assam. In exercise of power conferred by the Government of India Act 1935, the Governor General of India on 1 March 1948 promulgated the Assam High Court Order, 1948, establishing the High Court of Assam. It was inaugurated on 5 April 1948 by H. J. Kania, the Chief Justice of India. Sir R.F. Lodge was sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the Assam High Court on the same day. The Assam High Court initially had its sittings at Shillong but shifted to Guwahati on 14 August 1948.
Later, when Nagaland state was created on 1 December 1963, the Assam High Court was renamed as the High Court of Assam and Nagaland. On re-organization of the northeastern region of India by the North Eastern Area (Re-organization) Act, 1971, a common High Court was established for the seven northeastern states: Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram. It was again renamed as the Gauhati High Court.
After Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura got its High Court, the Gauhati High Court ceased its jurisdiction in these three states.
Principal Seat & Benches
- The Kohima bench for Nagaland state (established on 1 December 1972)
- The Aizawl bench for Mizoram state (established on 5 July 1990)
- The Itanagar bench for Arunachal Pradesh state (established on 12 August 2000)
Former benches, now full-fledged high courts:
- The Imphal bench (established on 21 January 1972) (Converted to a High Court in March 2013)
- The Agartala bench established on 24 January 1972) (Converted to a High Court in March 2013)
- The Shillong bench established on 4 September 1974)(Converted to a High Court in March 2013)
The Kohima Bench for Nagaland state
The Kohima Bench is located on the eastern slope of the Ministers’ Hill in the capital city of Nagaland, Kohima. The building where the Kohima Banch is, was earlier a Hostel which was renovated for the Kohima Bench. The inauguration of the Bench at the capital Kohima, was on 1 December 1972, by the Hon’ble Mr. Justice M.C.Pathak.
Permanent Judge for the State of Nagaland
- Mr. Justice Lanusungkum Jamir (Portfolio Judge)
Elevated as Additional Judge on 22 May 2013.
The Itanagar bench for Arunachal Pradesh state
The Permanent Bench at Itanagar was inaugurated on 12 August 2000 by Hon'ble Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India, Dr. A.S. Anand at Naharlagun which is located about 13 km. from the capital town, Itanagar.
Permanent Judge for the State of Arunachal Pradesh
- Pranoy Kumar Musahary (01/07/2008 - Till Date) retired now
The Aizawl bench for Mizoram state
The Aizawl Permanent Bench is situated at the capital city of Mizoram, Aizawl. On 5 July 1990, the Aizawl Permanent Bench of the Gauhati High Court was established and inaugurated by the then Chief Justice of India, Mr. Justice S.B.Mukherjee
Permanent Judge for the State of Mizoram
- Mr. Justice M. R. Pathak (Portfolio Judge)
Elevated as Additional Judge of the Gauhati High Court on 22 May 2013
- Mr. Justice Michael Zothankhuma (Station Judge)
Elevated as Additional Judge, Gauhati High Court on 7 January 2015
Judges from the High Court currently serving in the Supreme Court of India
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice A. S. Bopanna (Former Chief Justice, Gauhati High Court)
List of Chief Justices
|1||R. F. Lodge||5 April 1948|
|2||T V Thadani|
|4||C P Sinha|
|7||C. S. Row Nayudu|
|8||S. K. Dutta|
|9||M. C. Pathak|
|10||M. S. Swamy|
|11||C. M. Lodha||6 July 1978||10 March 1979|
|12||P. C. Reddy||30 September 1985||2 November 1986|
|13||K. M. Lahiri||3 November 1986|
|14||T. S. Misra|
|15||G. M. Lodha||1 March 1988||15 March 1988|
|16||A. S. Raghuvir||6 May 1988||21 March 1991|
|17||R. K. Manisana Singh||27 January 1994||1 February 1994|
|18||V. K. Khanna||24 April 1994||14 February 1997|
|19||M. Ramakrishna||18 June 1997||12 April 1998|
|20||Brijesh Kumar||12 February 1999||19 October 2000|
|21||20 October 2000||5 April 2001|
|22||R. S. Mongia||21 September 2001||10 June 2002|
|23||P. P. Naolekar||10 June 2002||27 August 2004|
|24||B. K. Roy||21 May 2005||30 September 2005|
|25||B. S. Reddy||5 December 2005||12 January 2007|
|26||Jasti Chelameswar||3 May 2007||17 March 2010|
|27||R. S. Garg||17 April 2010||18 June 2010|
|28||Madan Lokur||24 June 2010||15 November 2011|
|29||Adarsh Kumar Goel||20 December 2011||11 October 2013|
|30||Abhay Manohar Sapre||19 October 2013||13 August 2014|
|31||Ajit Singh||5 March 2016||5 September 2018|
|32||A. S. Bopanna||29 October 2018||24 May 2019|
|33||Ajai Lamba||7 October 2019||20 September 2020|
- Correspondent, Legal (3 October 2019). "Seven High Courts get new Chief Justices". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 October 2019.